Shares drop almost 10%, erasing $56 billion in market value and shaving net worth of Mark Zuckerberg by $7 billion
Facebook Inc. shares fell for a second day after more businesses, including Starbucks Corp. and Diageo Plc, joined the growing number of brands planning to halt spending on social media, undermining the company’s growth outlook.
Shares were down about 1% Monday morning in New York, adding to an 8.3% drop on Friday, after Unilever, one of the world’s largest advertisers, said it would cease spending on Facebook properties this year, eliminating $56 billion in market value and shaving the net worth of Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg by more than $7 billion. Shares closed at $216.08 Friday after reaching a record $242.24 the preceding Tuesday.
Starbucks and Diageo followed Unilever, Coca-Cola Co.and several other companies in saying they will cut ad spending, part of an exodus aimed at pushing Facebook and other social media platforms to limit hate speech and posts that divide and disinform. On Monday, the pullback continued. Britvic Plc, which supplies a wide range of soft drinks, said it will pause advertising on Facebook and Instagram for July. General Motors Co. said it’s “reviewing and reinforcing” its marketing guidelines and Patreon Inc. said it’s removing all ads on Facebook and Instagram.
While a single advertiser can do little to hurt a company that generated $17.7 billion in revenue last quarter, the rising tally creates peer pressure on other brands, and civil rights groups say they expect more corporations to join a boycott. Combined with a pandemic-fuelled economic slowdown, the threat to Facebook deepens.
“Given the amount of noise this is drawing, this will have significant impact to Facebook’s business,” Wedbush Securities analyst Bradley Gastwirth wrote in a research note. “Facebook needs to address this issue quickly and effectively in order to stop advertising exits from potentially spiralling out of control.”
Facebook was already bracing for weakness in the second quarter, which ends this week. Chief Financial Officer Dave Wehner said in an April earnings call that he saw the “potential for an even more severe advertising industry contraction.”
The number of coronavirus cases has surged in the intervening months, prompting many parts of the country to slow or roll-back reopening efforts and giving advertisers added justification to rein in spending. Facebook’s sales will rise 1% in the June period, followed by a 7% increase in the third quarter, analysts predict, by far the smallest quarterly growth increases since the company went public.
Advertiser boycotts in July could cost Facebook more than $250 million in the third quarter if 25% of its top 100 buyers pause spending, and as much as $500 million if 50% of the top advertisers stop, according to Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Jitendra Waral.
Zuckerberg announced changes Friday designed to appease critics, but the Anti-Defamation League, one of the groups calling for the boycott, called the amendments “small.” Some analysts have said the financial impact of recent exits will be limited, citing past advertiser revolts.
Even so, this exodus is distinct in key ways, Bernstein Securities analyst Mark Shmulik wrote in a research note Saturday. There’s heightened pressure to publicly demonstrate that brands stand with civil rights groups, he said.
“The current environment is very different,” Shmulik wrote. “It is very visible who is and isn’t participating in the boycott where brand silence [equals] being complicit.”